Want to know more?

Although research surrounding vaping is still in its early days, the studies and findings in this area continue to grow everyday. If you were wondering where we get our information from, we have collected just a few references below.

Use of e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco in youth aged 14–15 years in New Zealand: findings from repeated cross-sectional studies (2014–19)More on what is vaping:

Quick Facts on the Risks of E-cigarettes for Young People

Centre for Disease Control 

What’s in a vape: Everything you need to know

Edwards, E. (2019), NBC News 


More on what’s in a vape:


Distribution, quantification and toxicity of cinnamaldehyde in electronic cigarette refill fluids and aerosols

Behar et al, 2016, 

Sucralose-Enhanced Degradation of Electronic Cigarette Liquids during Vaping
Duell et al., 2019, Chemical Research in Toxicology

Non-nicotine liquids for e-cigarette devices in Australia: chemistry and health concerns – Summary and key findings

Australian Government Department of Health


An Unexpected Consequence of Electronic Cigarette Use
McCauley et al 2012, CHEST


Sources of Propylene Glycol and Glycol Ethers in Air at Home
Choi et al 2010, Int J Environ Res Public Health


More on what are the risks:


Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General

Centre for Disease Control

E-cigarettes: how risky are they?

World Health Organisation

E-cigarette smoke damages DNA and reduces repair activity in mouse lung, heart, and bladder as well as in human lung and bladder cells

Lee et al 2018, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Effects of E-cigarette E-liquid components on bronchial epithelial cells: Demonstration of dysfunctional efferocytosis

Ween et al 2019, Respirology


Outbreak of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarette, or vaping products 

 Centre for Disease Control and prevention


More on feeling pressured:


Peer pressure at school influencing teen vape use

News Medical: Life Sciences

Schools Influence Adolescent E-Cigarette use, but when? Examining the Interdependent Association between School Context and Teen Vaping over time. 

Lippert et al 2019, Journal of Youth and Adolescence 


The Messages Presented in Electronic Cigarette–Related Social Media Promotions and Discussion: Scoping Review

McCausland et al 2019, Journal of Medical Internet Research


More on vaping versus smoking:

Is Vaping Better Than Smoking?

American Heart Association

Vaping, Smoking, and the Physical Fitness of Active Young Men 

Dinkeloo et al 2020, American Journal of Preventative Medicine


Use of e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco in youth aged 14–15 years in New Zealand: findings from repeated cross-sectional studies (2014–19)

Walker et al 2020, Lancet Public Health 


Vaping Versus Smoking: A Quest for Efficacy and Safety of E-cigarette

Rehan et al 2018, Current Drug Safety


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