Want to know more?

Research surrounding vaping is still in its early days, the findings in this area continue to grow. If you were wondering where we get our information from, we have provided a few resources below which will be constantly updated.

E-cigarettes have created huge controversy and debate with strong views on all sides. Some of the things people have researched are:

What are the harms from e-cigarette use, and how much less are these than smoking?

  • Does use of e-cigarettes increase or decrease the risk of youth becoming smokers?
  • Do e-cigarettes help smokers to quit?

However, e-cigarettes are potentially harmful and should not be used by non-smokers and young people.

More on what’s in a vape:

What’s in a vape: Everything you need to know

Edwards, E. (2019), NBC News 

Non-nicotine liquids for e-cigarette devices in Australia: chemistry and health concerns – Summary and key findings

Australian Government Department of Health 


More on what are the risks:

Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press

Quick Facts on the Risks of E-cigarettes for Young People

Centre for Disease Control

Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General

Centre for Disease Control

E-cigarettes: how risky are they?

World Health Organisation

A review of toxic effects of electronic cigarettes/vaping in adolescents and young adults

Critical Reviews in Toxicology

Children and E-Cigarettes: A New Threat to Health

Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health 

Statement on the potential toxicological risks from electronic nicotine (and non-nicotine) delivery systems (E(N)NDS – e-cigarettes)

Committee of Toxicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer Products and The Environment (COT)

A narrative review evaluating the safety and efficacy of e-cigarettes as a newly marketed smoking cessation tool

e-cigarette explodes and starts flat fire leaving one woman in hospital after the device overheated while charging

Daily Mail

Effects of e-cigarettes and vaping devices on cardiac and pulmonary physiology

E-cigarette smoke damages DNA and reduces repair activity in mouse lung, heart, and bladder as well as in human lung and bladder cells

Lee et al 2018, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Effects of E-cigarette E-liquid components on bronchial epithelial cells: Demonstration of dysfunctional efferocytosis

Ween et al 2019, Respirology 

Outbreak of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarette, or vaping products 

Centre for Disease Control and prevention

The EVALI and Youth Vaping Epidemics — Implications for Public Health

The New England Journal of Medicine 

Cornering the Suspects in Vaping-Associated EVALI

The New England Journal of Medicine

Peer pressure at school influencing teen vape use

News Medical: Life Sciences

Schools Influence Adolescent E-Cigarette use, but when? Examining the Interdependent Association between School Context and Teen Vaping over time. 

Lippert et al 2019, Journal of Youth and Adolescence 

The Messages Presented in Electronic Cigarette–Related Social Media Promotions and Discussion: Scoping Review

McCausland et al 2019, Journal of Medical Internet Research

Dual Use of Electronic and Conventional cigarettes is associated with higher cardiovascular risk factors in Korean men

Kim, CY., Paek, YJ., Seo, H.G. et al. Dual use of electronic and conventional cigarettes is associated with higher cardiovascular risk factors in Korean men. Sci Rep 10, 5612 (2020), Nature, Scientific Report

Cardio Respiratory Impact:

Is Vaping better than smoking for cardiorespiratory and muscle function?

National Center for Biotechnology Information

“Look before you leap:” Cardiologists warn about the risk of vaping 


More on vaping versus smoking:

Is Vaping Better Than Smoking?

American Heart Association

Vaping, Smoking, and the Physical Fitness of Active Young Men 

Dinkeloo et al 2020, American Journal of Preventative Medicine

Vaping Versus Smoking: A Quest for Efficacy and Safety of E-cigarette

Rehan et al 2018, Current Drug Safety

Commentary: Is Vaping Safer than Smoking?

Judith J. Prochaska, PhD, MPH, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, MSD Manual Consumer Version

Position statements:

Electronic cigarettes: A position statement from the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand

Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand

NZ Findings:

Use of e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco in youth aged 14–15 years in New Zealand: findings from repeated cross-sectional studies (2014–19)

Walker et al (2020), The Lancet Public Health

Vaping Fact Sheet

Youth2000 (2020), Youth19 – A Vaping Fact Sheet

Patterns of Use of Vaping Products among Smokers: Findings from the 2016–2018 International Tobacco Control (ITC) New Zealand Surveys

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

E-cigarettes, vaping and a Smokefree Aotearoa: where to next?| OPEN ACCESS

The New Zealand Medical Journal

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This