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Although research surrounding vaping is still in its early days, the studies and findings in this area continue to grow everyday. If you were wondering where we get our information from, we have collected just a few references below.
Use of e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco in youth aged 14–15 years in New Zealand: findings from repeated cross-sectional studies (2014–19)More on what is vaping:
Quick Facts on the Risks of E-cigarettes for Young People
What’s in a vape: Everything you need to know
Edwards, E. (2019), NBC News
More on what’s in a vape:
et al, 2016,
Sucralose-Enhanced Degradation of Electronic Cigarette Liquids during Vaping
Duell et al., 2019, Chemical Research in Toxicology
Non-nicotine liquids for e-cigarette devices in Australia: chemistry and health concerns – Summary and key findings
An Unexpected Consequence of Electronic Cigarette Use
McCauley et al 2012, CHEST
Sources of Propylene Glycol and Glycol Ethers in Air at Home
Choi et al 2010, Int J Environ Res Public Health
More on what are the risks:
Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General
E-cigarettes: how risky are they?
E-cigarette smoke damages DNA and reduces repair activity in mouse lung, heart, and bladder as well as in human lung and bladder cells
Lee et al 2018, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Effects of E-cigarette E-liquid components on bronchial epithelial cells: Demonstration of dysfunctional efferocytosis
Ween et al 2019, Respirology
Outbreak of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarette, or vaping products
More on feeling pressured:
Peer pressure at school influencing teen vape use
Schools Influence Adolescent E-Cigarette use, but when? Examining the Interdependent Association between School Context and Teen Vaping over time.
Lippert et al 2019, Journal of Youth and Adolescence
The Messages Presented in Electronic Cigarette–Related Social Media Promotions and Discussion: Scoping Review
McCausland et al 2019, Journal of Medical Internet Research
More on vaping versus smoking:
Is Vaping Better Than Smoking?
Vaping, Smoking, and the Physical Fitness of Active Young Men
Dinkeloo et al 2020, American Journal of Preventative Medicine
Use of e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco in youth aged 14–15 years in New Zealand: findings from repeated cross-sectional studies (2014–19)
Walker et al 2020, Lancet Public Health
Vaping Versus Smoking: A Quest for Efficacy and Safety of E-cigarette
Rehan et al 2018, Current Drug Safety