Want to know more?
Research surrounding vaping is still in its early days, the findings in this area continue to grow. If you were wondering where we get our information from, we have provided a few resources below which will be constantly updated.
E-cigarettes have created huge controversy and debate with strong views on all sides. Some of the things people have researched are:
What are the harms from e-cigarette use, and how much less are these than smoking?
- Does use of e-cigarettes increase or decrease the risk of youth becoming smokers?
- Do e-cigarettes help smokers to quit?
However, e-cigarettes are potentially harmful and should not be used by non-smokers and young people.
More on what’s in a vape:
What’s in a vape: Everything you need to know
Edwards, E. (2019), NBC News
Non-nicotine liquids for e-cigarette devices in Australia: chemistry and health concerns – Summary and key findings
More on what are the risks:
Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes
Quick Facts on the Risks of E-cigarettes for Young People
Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General
E-cigarettes: how risky are they?
A review of toxic effects of electronic cigarettes/vaping in adolescents and young adults
Children and E-Cigarettes: A New Threat to Health
Statement on the potential toxicological risks from electronic nicotine (and non-nicotine) delivery systems (E(N)NDS – e-cigarettes)
A narrative review evaluating the safety and efficacy of e-cigarettes as a newly marketed smoking cessation tool
E-cigarette smoke damages DNA and reduces repair activity in mouse lung, heart, and bladder as well as in human lung and bladder cells
Lee et al 2018, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Effects of E-cigarette E-liquid components on bronchial epithelial cells: Demonstration of dysfunctional efferocytosis
Ween et al 2019, Respirology
Outbreak of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarette, or vaping products
The EVALI and Youth Vaping Epidemics — Implications for Public Health
Cornering the Suspects in Vaping-Associated EVALI
Peer pressure at school influencing teen vape use
Schools Influence Adolescent E-Cigarette use, but when? Examining the Interdependent Association between School Context and Teen Vaping over time.
Lippert et al 2019, Journal of Youth and Adolescence
The Messages Presented in Electronic Cigarette–Related Social Media Promotions and Discussion: Scoping Review
McCausland et al 2019, Journal of Medical Internet Research
Dual Use of Electronic and Conventional cigarettes is associated with higher cardiovascular risk factors in Korean men
Kim, CY., Paek, YJ., Seo, H.G. et al. Dual use of electronic and conventional cigarettes is associated with higher cardiovascular risk factors in Korean men. Sci Rep 10, 5612 (2020), Nature, Scientific Report
Cardio Respiratory Impact:
Is Vaping better than smoking for cardiorespiratory and muscle function?
“Look before you leap:” Cardiologists warn about the risk of vaping
More on vaping versus smoking:
Is Vaping Better Than Smoking?
Vaping, Smoking, and the Physical Fitness of Active Young Men
Dinkeloo et al 2020, American Journal of Preventative Medicine
Vaping Versus Smoking: A Quest for Efficacy and Safety of E-cigarette
Rehan et al 2018, Current Drug Safety
Commentary: Is Vaping Safer than Smoking?
Judith J. Prochaska, PhD, MPH, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, MSD Manual Consumer Version
Electronic cigarettes: A position statement from the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand
Use of e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco in youth aged 14–15 years in New Zealand: findings from repeated cross-sectional studies (2014–19)
Vaping Fact Sheet
Patterns of Use of Vaping Products among Smokers: Findings from the 2016–2018 International Tobacco Control (ITC) New Zealand Surveys
E-cigarettes, vaping and a Smokefree Aotearoa: where to next?| OPEN ACCESS