Want to know more?

Research surrounding vaping is still in its early days, the findings in this area continue to grow. If you were wondering where we get our information from, we have provided a few resources below which will be constantly updated.

E-cigarettes have created huge controversy and debate with strong views on all sides. Some of the things people have researched are:

  • What are the harms from e-cigarette use, and how much less are these than smoking?
  • Does use of e-cigarettes increase or decrease the risk of youth becoming smokers?
  • Do e-cigarettes help smokers to quit? 

However, e-cigarettes are potentially harmful and should not be used by non-smokers and young people.

More on what’s in a vape:

What’s in a vape: Everything you need to know

Edwards, E. (2019), NBC News  

Distribution, quantification and toxicity of cinnamaldehyde in electronic cigarette refill fluids and aerosols

Behar et al, 2016, 

Sucralose-Enhanced Degradation of Electronic Cigarette Liquids during Vaping
Duell et al., 2019, Chemical Research in Toxicology

Non-nicotine liquids for e-cigarette devices in Australia: chemistry and health concerns – Summary and key findings

Australian Government Department of Health 

An Unexpected Consequence of Electronic Cigarette Use
McCauley et al 2012, CHEST

Sources of Propylene Glycol and Glycol Ethers in Air at Home

Choi et al 2010, Int J Environ Res Public Health


More on what are the risks:

Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press

Quick Facts on the Risks of E-cigarettes for Young People

Centre for Disease Control  

Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General

Centre for Disease Control

E-cigarettes: how risky are they?

World Health Organisation

E-cigarette smoke damages DNA and reduces repair activity in mouse lung, heart, and bladder as well as in human lung and bladder cells

Lee et al 2018, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Effects of E-cigarette E-liquid components on bronchial epithelial cells: Demonstration of dysfunctional efferocytosis

Ween et al 2019, Respirology 

Outbreak of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarette, or vaping products 

 Centre for Disease Control and prevention


More on feeling pressured:

Peer pressure at school influencing teen vape use

News Medical: Life Sciences

Schools Influence Adolescent E-Cigarette use, but when? Examining the Interdependent Association between School Context and Teen Vaping over time. 

Lippert et al 2019, Journal of Youth and Adolescence 

The Messages Presented in Electronic Cigarette–Related Social Media Promotions and Discussion: Scoping Review

McCausland et al 2019, Journal of Medical Internet Research


More on vaping versus smoking:

Is Vaping Better Than Smoking?

American Heart Association

Vaping, Smoking, and the Physical Fitness of Active Young Men 

Dinkeloo et al 2020, American Journal of Preventative Medicine

Use of e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco in youth aged 14–15 years in New Zealand: findings from repeated cross-sectional studies (2014–19)

Walker et al 2020, Lancet Public Health

Vaping Versus Smoking: A Quest for Efficacy and Safety of E-cigarette

Rehan et al 2018, Current Drug Safety


Position statements:

Electronic cigarettes: A position statement from the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand

Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand


NZ Findings:

Use of e-cigarettes and smoked tobacco in youth aged 14–15 years in New Zealand: findings from repeated cross-sectional studies (2014–19)

Walker et al (2020), The Lancet Public Health

Vaping Fact Sheet

Youth2000 (2020), Youth19 – A Vaping Fact Sheet


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